RESEARCH PAPER: Biobehavioral Responses to Stress in Females
This is a landmark paper on stress repsonse in women by Shelley E. Taylor, Laura Cousino Klein, Brian P. Lewis, Tara L. Gruenewald, Regan A. R. Gurung, and John A. Updegraff of University of California, Los Angeles. Although fight-or-flight may characterize the primary physiological responses to stress for both males and females, they propose that, behaviorally, femalesí responses to stress are more marked by a pattern of 'tend and befriend.' The biobehavioral mechanism that underlies the tend and befriend pattern is based on evidence from animal and human studies suggesting that oxytocin, in conjunction with female reproductive hormones and endogenous opioid peptide mechanisms, may be at its core.
Dowonload the paper at http://www.findem.com.au/resources/tendandbefriend.pdf