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State of World Population

Developing countries with lower fertility and slower population growth have seen higher productivity, more savings and more productive investment. They have registered faster economic growth. These are the findings of the teh report of the UN Population Fund in rtheir report "The State of World Population 2002" released on December 3, based on data from 1970

Long-term demographic and economic data from 45 developing countries show that high fertility increases poverty by slowing economic growth and by skewing the distribution of consumption against the poor. The report argues that enabling women to have smaller families—by reducing mortality, increasing education and improving access to reproductive health and family planning, counters both of these effects. The average poverty incidence in 1980 was 18.9 per cent, about one in every five people. Had all countries reduced net fertility by 5 per thousand during the 1980s, as many Asian countries did, poverty incidence would have been reduced to 12.6 per cent, or one in eight.

Posted Saturday, 14 December 2002

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